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Changes in TMS 402/602-22

The masonry design standards, TMS 402/602 Building Code Requirements and Specification for Masonry Structures were updated in 2022 following a 6-year revision cycle. Learn the major changes in these standards which include a complete rewriting of the veneer provisions, the introduction of compression-controlled sections in strength design, anchor bolt recalibration to be based on the ultimate strength of steel, and the addition of an appendix on masonry reinforced with GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer) bars. These changes and many more will be discussed, and the impact of the changes on typical designs will be reviewed.

Richard Bennett, PhD, PE is a professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. He has been heavily involved in the TMS 402/602 Building Code Requirements and Specifications of Masonry Structures. He was the main committee chair of the 2016 edition and is vice chair for the 2022 and 2028 edition. He is a co-author of Strength Design of Masonry and is the editor for the 2022 edition of the Masonry Designer’s Guide.

Engineering Infrastructure to Support Societal Resiliency – Probability of Exceeding Code Minimum Parking Garage Live Loads with Electric Vehicles 

In recent years, the prevalence of electric vehicles on roadways and in parking structures has increased dramatically in the United States. With rising fuel costs, environmental concerns, increasing availability and relative affordability, as well as new and forthcoming legislation, the market share of electric vehicles is expected to continue increasing for years to come. This alteration of the national car fleet imposes unforeseen consequences on parking structures due to the significantly greater electric vehicle weights. Most electric vehicles are significantly heavier than their traditional combustion engine counterparts. For example, the Tesla compact sedan, the Model 3, weighs 30% more than the Toyota gas-powered compact sedan, the Corolla. The interest in increasing electric vehicle range pressures the electric vehicle designs to be even heavier. The heavier electric vehicles will impose greater loads on parking structures. In contrast to increasing actual loads, the strength requirements for parking garage design have decreased over the last two decades. In 2002, ASCE 7-02 decreased the minimum uniform distributed live load for passenger vehicle garage floors from 50 to 40 psf. At the same time, ACI 318-02 reduced the concrete design load factors for dead and live load by more than 15%. These cumulative changes can reduce design loads by over 30%. Modern electric vehicle weights are quickly approaching, and in some cases exceeding, the loads specified for design in current building codes. We review past and present vehicle weights to predict the weight of vehicles over the next several years to a decade. With the predicted future weights, we develop a probabilistic approach for determining parking garage live loads with the increasing presence of electric vehicles. Significantly increasing passenger vehicle loads combined with reduced design requirements will result in reduced factors of safety and increased maintenance and repairs costs for parking structures. The reduced factors of safety will increase the rate of structural deterioration and the frequency of structural failures. Parking structure maintenance and repair costs will increase from heavier wear on traffic coatings, concrete repair of cracking floors and beams, and/or necessary structural strengthening or retrofit of the overall structure. Serviceability will be impaired by increased floor vibrations, increased floor deflections, and visible concrete cracking. To develop practical and prudent approaches to mitigate the inexorable increase in passenger vehicle weights, we review the structural effect of the added loads to quantify the risks imposed on parking garage owners, users, and stakeholders.

James McDonald is a Principal with Simpson Gumpertz & Heger (SGH) with structural design expertise in education, health care, life sciences, commercial, and residential buildings. He leads seismic evaluation and upgrade projects for various buildings, including power generation facilities; oversees structural condition investigations and rehabilitation work for concrete, steel, and wood buildings; and evaluates bridges, maritime structures, and ships. He specializes in resilience evaluations and upgrades for essential facilities, including concrete parking garages, and co-authored an analysis of added loads to parking structures from electric vehicles. Jim is a member of the Structural Engineers Association of Southern California. 

Joseph Moody is a Senior Project Manager with Simpson Gumpertz & Heger (SGH) with extensive experience as a structural design engineer. He has overseen projects encompassing a variety of industrial, residential, and institutional structures. Joe specializes in seismic rehabilitation and structural upgrades, with experience investigating, analyzing, and designing repairs to aging facilities and infrastructure, including precast concrete parking structures. He is an active member of several professional organizations, including the Structural Engineers Association of Southern California Sustainable Design and Resilience Committee. He has co-authored several presentations and papers, including an analysis of added loads to parking structures from electric vehicles. 

Michael Perkins has ten years of civil/structural engineering experience in the commercial, energy, and marine oil terminal industries. His work in the commercial industry primarily involves design, retrofit, seismic assessment, analysis, and construction administration for steel, concrete, and wood structures. His work in the energy industry primarily involves seismic fragility evaluation of facility equipment, development of structural models, and walkdown of existing facilities. His work in the marine oil terminal industry primarily involves analysis, repair design, and construction administration for marine oil terminal structures. He has co-authored an analysis of added loads to parking structures from electric vehicles.

Molly Pobiel is a licensed Civil Engineer in the state of CA who has been working in the structural engineering division of SGH for the past 4 years. They have experience with new building design, seismic condition assessment and retrofit of structural systems, performance-based structural fire design, and heat transfer analysis. Molly earned a master’s degree in Structural Engineering from the University of California San Diego (UCSD) with a focus on Earthquake Engineering and Structural Design. They hold leadership positions in the Structural Engineering Association of Southern California (SEAOSC) Young Members Committee and Communications Committee and serve as Vice chair on SGH's DEI Council. They have co-authored several presentations and papers, including an analysis of added loads to parking structures from electric vehicles. 

Engineering a Better Work-Life Fit: A Business Case for Flexibility in the Workplace 

In recent years, the concept of work-life balance has evolved significantly, with a growing emphasis on flexibility in the workplace. This shift has been catalyzed by changing societal norms and further accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Today, job seekers and recent graduates prioritize options for flexible work environments and schedules, recognizing the importance of achieving a healthy work-life fit. This interactive presentation explores the concept of work-life fit as a modern alternative to the traditional notion of work-life balance, recognizing an individual's need to integrate their personal and professional lives. Flexible work models, including options for when, where, and how much people work, offer employee and employer benefits. They enable companies to adapt to changing workforce preferences and optimize resources while empowering individuals to manage their time and energy better. Participants are encouraged to engage live via the Menti app. Research indicates that prioritizing work-life fit leads to higher employee engagement, lower absenteeism, and increased productivity. Companies offering flexible work options are more attractive to top talent and can realize significant cost savings and improved employee retention. Flexible work policies align with environmental and social values, appealing to recent graduates prioritizing sustainability and work-life integration. As organizations navigate the post-pandemic landscape, it is essential for companies to adopt a forward-thinking approach that prioritizes employee well-being and engagement. By prioritizing work-life fit and creating a supportive work environment, businesses can foster happier, healthier, and more engaged employees, ultimately driving positive business outcomes.

Erin Conaway, PE is the Senior Director of Market Development for the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC). AISC is a non-partisan, not-for-profit technical institute and trade association established in 1921 to elevate the standards and practices within the structural steel design community and construction industry in the United States. Erin leads a national team of Structural Steel Specialists, empowering designers to harness the collective expertise of the steel industry, driving superior project outcomes, and fostering positive change in the built environment. Erin has worked for over 20 years in the building design and construction industry for various companies in the eastern and western US as both a Structural Design Engineer and Technical Sales Engineer. As part of her dedication to advancing industry discourse, Erin serves as the Steel Industry Representative on the STRUCTURE® magazine Editorial Board, amplifying the voices and perspectives shaping the architectural and engineering landscape. Erin is a graduate of the Oklahoma State University Architectural Engineering (Structures) program in Stillwater, OK. She is a licensed Professional Engineer in Arizona and New York.

Rachel Mosier is an Associate Professor with Oklahoma State University since 2014. Mosier teaches in Construction Engineering Technology with structures courses in concrete, steel, and timber design. Other courses include heavy civil estimating, integrated project delivery methods and soils mechanics. Mosier is licensed as a professional engineer in Construction Engineering with 7 years experience as a consulting structural engineer in Oklahoma. Mosier worked 6 years in Public Works for the City of Oklahoma City specifically as a project manager, acting as an owner’s representative for libraries, fire stations, roadways, utilities, and bridges. Two of these projects achieved a LEED Silver rating. Mosier researches the built environments and is specifically focused on sustainable infrastructure and its cost. Other research interests include engineering education topics, which include diversity, equity and inclusion as well as a focus on faculty perceptions.

Design Guide on the ACI 318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete

This webinar will provide an overview of CRSI’s Design Guide on the ACI 318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete as well information on the major changes that occurred from the 2014 to the 2019 edition of ACI 318. The purpose of the Design Guide is to assist in the proper application of the provisions in the 2019 edition of Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-19) for cast-in-place concrete buildings with nonprestressed reinforcement. The main goals of the publication are to provide:

  • A simplified roadmap that can be used to navigate through the updated ACI 318 requirements
  • Step-by-step design procedures and design aids that make designing and detailing reinforced concrete buildings simpler and faster

Design and detailing of the following structural members are covered for buildings assigned to Seismic Design Categories A through F with emphasis placed on the revisions made in ACI 318-19:

  • One-way slabs
  • Two-way slabs
  • Beams
  • Columns
  • Walls
  • Diaphragms
  • Foundations (shallow and deep)
  • Beam-column and slab-column joints
  • Earthquake-resistant structures (SDC B and C)
  • Earthquake-resistant structures (SDC D, E, and F)

Design aids, flowcharts, and worked-out examples are presented that illustrate the design and detailing requirements. Included are examples not commonly found in other reinforced concrete resources.  Note that this publication is similar to the PCA Notes; however, CRSI will be publishing this resource each code cycle moving forward.

Kevin Bott, PE has been with CRSI as the Western Region Manager for almost five years after 13 years of experience as a structural engineer in Tampa, Florida. Kevin’s design experience includes a wide array of structures, including football stadiums, hospitals, medical office buildings, theme park and entertainment structures, single and multi-family residential, and parking garages. Recently, Kevin worked as a forensic engineer for litigated claims, mainly involving water intrusion and building envelopes. He also performed storm damage assessments and repair protocols for buildings that had been damaged by hurricanes. Kevin graduated from the University of Notre Dame with Bachelor of Science degrees in Civil Engineering and Mathematics and obtained a Master of Science degree in Civil Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology.


Why is Legal Advice About Contracts Like Cockroaches and Twinkies?

Some things are reliably likely to endure forever — Twinkies, cockroaches, and classic rock. Another thing that never seems to change is advice about design professionals’ professional services agreements. Since (almost) the dawn of time lawyers and risk managers have been advising design professional clients that their contracts should have a good scope of services, exclude things that ought to be excluded, and be reviewed by their lawyer when the client proposes changes. People have been saying it forever, but it nonetheless remains true: While bad contracts don’t cause claims, they can make claims much worse and harder to resolve. In this session we'll review the must-haves, red flags, and deal killers, along with case stories and bad examples that illustrate the importance of a carefully considered contract.

Karen Erger is Senior Vice President, Director of Practice Risk Management for Lockton, the world’s largest privately owned independent insurance brokerage. Drawing upon her experience as a construction lawyer in private practice and as a claim supervisor for a major insurer of architects’ and engineers’ professional liability, Karen consults with Lockton’s architecture, engineering, and construction clients on practice management issues, including complex claims and contracts, and provides risk management training and resources. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Chicago and earned her law degree at the University of Chicago Law School. 

Eric Singer is a construction lawyer and litigation Partner with Ice Miller LLP in Illinois, concentrating in contracts, insurance, counseling and disputes relating to construction, design and real estate. Eric represents architects, engineers, contractors, owners, lenders, title and liability insurers and others involved in improvement and use of real estate and the built environment.  Eric received his B.A., magna cum laude, from the University of Illinois in 1985 and his J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School in 1988. Eric is a member of the American Bar Association, the Illinois State Bar Association and the DuPage County Bar Association, the ABA Forum on Construction Law, the Society of Illinois Construction Attorneys, an Allied Member of the American Institute of Architects and a Professional Affiliate Member of both AIA Chicago and AIA Northeast Illinois.  Eric is also a Professional Affiliate Director on AIA Chicago’s Board of Directors.  Ice Miller is a member of the American Council of Engineering Companies and Chicagoland AGC

Keynote Presentation: Innovation is a State of Mind

Innovation in structural engineering is considered by some an oxymoron. While other professions and industries seem to advance and evolve quickly, advancements in structural engineering are seemingly slow to come by.  Why is this? Why aren’t we as structural engineers conducting the innovation train as comparatively running to catch the caboose? 

Ron Klemencic is a recognized innovator and leader being named a three-time Newsmaker by Engineering News Record Magazine, including ENR’s Award of Excellence for his evangelism in research and development. In his presentation,  Ron will explore how to identify opportunities for innovation and the ingredients which lead to success. While innovation is perhaps daunting to some, the formula is quite simple, and everyone has the opportunity each day to contribute to advancing the profession.

Graduating Purdue University with a BSCE in 1985, and UC Berkeley with a MSSE in 1986, Ron is now Chairman and CEO of Magnusson Klemencic Associates, an internationally acclaimed structural and civil engineering practice. In addition, Ron served as Chairman of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat for five years and currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Charles Pankow Foundation, the most influential research funding organization supporting building construction in the United States. His presentation is intended to inspire, motivate, and cause all who attend to look at the world a bit differently.

Ron Klemencic, PE, SE, Hon AIA

Chairman and C.E.O.Magnusson Klemencic Associates

Ron Klemencic is Chairman and CEO of Magnusson Klemencic Associates (MKA), an award-winning and 155-person structural and civil engineering firm founded in 1920 and headquartered in Seattle, Washington. He has designed projects in 29 states and 25 countries, with some as large as 11.5 million square feet and as tall as 112 stories, including the 1,070-foot-tall Salesforce Tower in San Francisco; the 1,200-foot-tall St. Regis, 150 North Riverside, and Aqua towers in Chicago; and Rainier Square in Seattle. An industry innovator and one of the preeminent high-rise structural engineers practicing today, Ron is sought by developers, architects, and contractors worldwide for his creativity, "big picture" approach, and unique ability to consistently produce cost-effective and inventive designs. 

Through his roles as a Director of the Charles Pankow Foundation and the MKA Foundation, in addition to his daily work as a practicing structural engineer, Ron continues to lead the research and development of many new technologies and systems that further the engineering profession.  He has championed numerous innovations throughout his career—from implementing Performance-Based Seismic Design for high-rise buildings beginning in the mid-1990s, to the development and successful application of the first-of-its-kind, non-proprietary SpeedCore structural system starting in the early-2000s, to recent advancements in Performance-Based Wind Design and Structural Fire Design.

Ron was named Engineer of the Year by the American Council of Engineering Companies of Washington, he is a member of the National Academy of Construction (NAC) and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA), and a Distinguished Member of the ASCE. He received the CTBUH's Fazlur Khan Lifetime Achievement Medal, ASCE's Outstanding Projects and Leaders Award, and Engineering News-Record (ENR) included Ron on its annual list of Top 25 Newsmakers on three occasions, and he received an Award of Excellence from ENR. 

2024 IBC Significant Structural Changes

This presentation will provide information on significant structural changes to the 2024 International Building Code® (IBC®) along with a brief overview of changes to the IBC-referenced 2022 ASCE/SEI 7 Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures (ASCE 7-22). IBC Chapters 15-24 and 31 will be discussed with emphasis on Chapter 16. Topics include the following:

  • Roof systems
  • Loads including a brief overview of ASCE 7-22 changes
  • Special Inspections
  • Soils and Foundations
  • Materials including concrete, masonry, steel, wood and glass
  • Temporary Structures 

John “Buddy” Showalter, P.E., M.ASCE, M. NCSEA

Buddy Showalter is a senior staff engineer with the ICC product development group. He develops technical resources and provides education in support of the structural provisions of the IBC and IRC. He has over 35 years of experience in the development and support of building codes and standards having spent 26 years with the American Wood Council. A graduate of Virginia Tech, Showalter has also been a member of the editorial board for STRUCTURE magazine for nearly 20 years.

The NEW AISC 16th Edition Steel Construction Manual – the Gold Standard in Steel Design 

This session will discuss and highlight key changes and updates to the recently released AISC 16th edition Steel Construction Manual. A brief overview of changes in the 2022 AISC Specification will be discussed before diving into an overview of the new Manual and the important updates you need to stay up to date in your design practice.

Margaret A Matthew, PE, is the Director of Manuals at the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC), where she oversees the development of their manuals, including the AISC Steel Construction Manual and the AISC Design Guide series. She is the secretary of the AISC Committee on Manuals as well as the AISC Connection Prequalification Review Panel. She has also been the Editor of the AISC Engineering Journal since 2015. Before joining AISC in 2008, Ms. Matthew spent 13 years as a consulting structural engineer. Margaret received her B.S. degree in Metallurgical Engineering and her M.S. degree in Civil/Structural Engineering, both from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 

Yasmin Chaudhry, PE, is a senior engineer in the Steel Solutions Center at the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC). Yasmin joined AISC in 2022 and answers technical inquiries from the AEC community through the Steel Solutions Center. She is the secretary of the AISC Committee on Manuals M1 subcommittee on Member and System Design. She also writes the ever-popular monthly Steel Quiz in Modern Steel Construction and is a regular contributor to the magazine’s Steel Interchange series. Yasmin holds B.S. and M.S. degrees, both in civil engineering, from Montana State University.

Mass Timber Structural Design: Engineering Modern Timber Structures

This presentation will provide a detailed look at the structural design processes associated with a variety of mass timber products, including glue-laminated timber (glulam), cross-laminated timber (CLT), and nail-laminated timber (NLT).  Applications for the use of these products in gravity force-resisting systems under the 2021 International Building Code (IBC) will be discussed.  Other technical topics will include mass timber floor panel vibration criteria, connection options and design considerations, and an introduction to lateral systems common in mass timber buildings.  Mass timber framing components are often left exposed to act as a finish while taking advantage of their aesthetics.  As such, they are often required to provide a fire-resistance rating demonstrating their ability to maintain structural integrity in the event of a fire.  This presentation will also discuss structural design of mass timber elements under fire conditions.

Mike Romanowski, SE

Mike received his B.S. degree in Architectural Engineering from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo in 1979 and was involved in the practice of structural engineering for a number of San Diego based firms over a span of 37 years.  His experience includes design, construction administration, contract plan checking, peer review and forensic investigations for various types of projects utilizing all types of building materials.  Mike has had articles published in Structural Engineer and San Diego Constructor magazines, has served as an SEAOSD Director, was a member of the SEAOC Code Streamlining Committee and also a Co-Chair of the SEAOSD Sustainable Design Committee.  Mike is a licensed Structural Engineer in the State of California and is currently the Regional Director covering Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico for WoodWorks.

Water Treatment Structures and the Gilbert North WTP

America’s water infrastructure is the backbone of what keeps our society safe from the hazards brought by water, while also supplying clean water.  From dams and levees, to canals and wells, and reservoirs and treatment plants, structural engineers play a vital role in making sure the built environment around water infrastructure is strong and reliable.  In this presentation, participants will explore the different types of structures found on water treatment plants, review codes and standards that govern structural design, and discuss design challenges that structural engineers commonly encounter.  Finally, this presentation will highlight a few example structures through a case study of the Gilbert North Water Treatment Plant Facility Upgrades and Reconstruction project.

Shane Sweeten is a licensed structural engineer in Arizona and California with over 20 years of experience in water treatment plant and other municipal related structural engineering.  Shane has worked on notable projects like the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport’s PHX Sky Train Stage 1 and 1A projects, and the Terminal 3 Modernization Project of which he published an article in Structure Magazine (  Shane was the engineer of record for the PHX Sky Train Stage 2 project having a construction value of over $540million.  Shane is currently the structural engineer of record for the Gilbert North Water Treatment Plant Facility Upgrades and Reconstruction project, having a construction value of more than $570million.  Shane has worked on water treatment plants throughout the Phoenix Metropolitan Area, and as far away as Saratoga Springs, New York.  Shane’s presentation experience includes presenting the Terminal 3 Modernization project at an ASCE meeting in 2017, the Elliptical Steel Arches in at the 2012 ASCE-ASHE joint conference, the Phoenix Convention Center Shoring Wall Replacement at the 2021 ASCE-ASHE joint conference.  Additionally, Shane contributed to Gannett Fleming’s Insight webinar series with Deep Excavation in an Urban Environment with 187 participants viewing from Oregon to New York.

Building Big: JP Morgan Chase Headquarters 270 Park Avenue, New York, NY 

Taking advantage of changes to zoning laws, the new JP Morgan Chase Headquarters, also known as 270 Park, is the first of several projects aiming to change the skyline north of Grand Central Station. Located at 270 Park Avenue, the building encompasses a full city block bordered by 47th and 48th Streets and Madison and Park Avenues. Now under construction, the building will when completed stand 1,388 ft. tall, replacing the now demolished Union Carbide building. Due to the constraints of the train terminal below, the tower itself lands on only fourteen points. The columns ‘fan’ and ‘v’ to forgings that weigh more than 75 tons each, and sit on 16,000 psi concrete walls cast between MNRR tracks and platforms below. These walls continue down another level to the new Long Island Rail Road East Side Access concourse, almost 100 ft. below street level. Because of the location above a railroad, a concrete core was not possible. In addition, the architectural design dictated that the lobby be completely open, so every single column transfers. At the core, this is accomplished with two, 25- ft.- deep transfer girders with 60 in. x 8 in. flanges approximately 300 ft. long. When complete, the steel fabricator will have erected more than 90,000 tons of steel. Finally, the design had to consider how the steel, some pieces almost 60 tons each, could be erected, knowing that there were active railroad tracks and platforms below, and that all of the roadways to the north, south and east of the site are viaducts above the occupied spaces below.

Fortunato Orlando started at Severud Associates in 1996 after working as an engineer in his native Italy for two years. With almost 30 years of experience, he has become well versed in most structural systems and materials. Fortunato has engineered many important and large-scale projects, including the Greenwich Lane condominiums and townhouses, the Bank of America Tower at One Bryant Park, the AirTrain JFK–Jamaica Station, Thomson Reuters at 3 Times Square and the JPMChase new Headquarter 3 often referred as 270 Park Avenue. He has also worked on many additions and renovations, as well as many international projects. He contributes to the structural engineering profession as an on-call volunteer with the Structural Engineer Emergency Response Plan (SEERP) of the Structural Engineers Association of New York (SEAoNY). He is also a past director and past secretary of SEAoNY, current CIB director and chair for the “Green concrete guidelines” currently in review with the Department of Building. He is a Professional Engineer licensed in multiple States and Italy. Fortunato is co-author of the articles, “New Brunswick Gateway Transit Village,” which appeared in Structure Magazine in March 2012, and “It Takes a Village,” which appeared in Modern Steel Construction in July 2012, about the mixed-use project near Rutgers University in New Jersey. “Building Big” which appeared in Modern Steel Construction Magazine in January 2024, New York City’s largest steel frame for a futuristic corporate headquarters built on a constraint-filled site at 270 Park Avenue by JPM Chase. 270 Park Avenue will also be featured in STRUCTURE Magazine in June 2024.

Ed DePaola, PE is President and CEO of Severud Associates Consulting Engineers PC, New York. He is licensed in 21 states, and a member of numerous professional organizations including The American Concrete Institute (ACI), The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and The American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC). He is a past President and Founding Member of the Structural Engineers Association of New York (SEAoNY), an exmember of the Board of Governors of the Structural Engineering Institute (SEI), a director on the Board of Directors of the Structural Engineering Certification Board (SECB), the past chair of the Structural Engineering Institute Futures Fund (SEIFF), and a Life Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). In 2023, he was awarded the Homer Gage Balcom Award from the ASCE Met Section, and the ASCE OPAL Award for Design. He received a Bachelor of Science Degree and a Master of Science Degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Notre Dame, and his Juris Doctorate from Seton Hall School of Law. In March of 2012, he was made a Fellow of The Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. Over the past 40 years at Severud, he has designed numerous projects including high-rise buildings, long-span facilities and special structures requiring innovative structural solutions. His structural designs include the Jeppesen Terminal Roof and Glass Enclosure Structures of the Denver International Airport and the American Airlines Terminal at JFK International Airport. He was the principal-in-charge of the “Bank of America Tower at One Bryant Park”, formerly the second tallest building in NYC and the first high-rise office structure in the world to receive a LEED Platinum rating. His current projects include the recently completed One Vanderbilt Avenue and the new headquarters building for JP Morgan Chase at 270 Park Avenue.

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