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Masonry Shear Wall Design

In structural engineering, a shear wall is a vertical element that resists lateral forces, typically from wind and seismic loads. Perforated shear walls are simply shear walls with openings in them. In this session, you’ll learn about the design of perforated masonry shear walls. See how finite element analysis (FEA) software solutions can generate efficient structural masonry wall designs, with a focus on RAM Elements and RISA 3D. Get inspired by a series of case studies that use FEA software to design masonry shear walls.

Learning Objectives:

  • Identify types of masonry shear walls.
  • Learn methods to improve the effectiveness of masonry shear walls in structural masonry.
  • Acquire knowledge of various finite element analysis (FEA) software solutions for masonry shear walls.
  • Explore various case studies where FEA software was used to design masonry shear walls.

 Sam Rubenzer, PE, SE - Sam has over 25 years of experience in structural engineering. Early in his career, he worked as a structural engineer, working on a wide variety of structures including several years designing load-bearing masonry retail stores in several states. Sam also spent 5 years at RAM International and Bentley Systems providing training to structural engineers on how to use, RAM Structural System, RAM Elements, RAM Connection, RAM Concept, and all other structural design tools. 

Sam started FORSE Consulting in January of 2010 were he continues to assist other structural engineers with designs on a variety of projects, building types. Sam has also been the structural engineering consultant to the Wisconsin Structural Masonry Coalition since 2010. 

Sam has been a speaker at several national structural engineering conferences on the use of software programs for our industry. One of the topics Sam has focused on is structural masonry analysis and design. Sam has a Master of Business Administration from Marquette University and a Bachelor of Civil Engineering from the University of Minnesota. Sam is a licensed structural engineer (SE) in the state of Illinois and a professional engineer (PE) in many other states.

Roles and Responsibilities for Success in Cold Formed Steel Framing

For a project to be successful, it takes more than good number crunching by an engineer.  The engineer is only one part of a much larger team working together to design and construct the project.  Sometimes, the lines of responsibility can be unclear, leading to delays, arguments and stress.  Who is responsible for what? How is the burden of responsibility determined in cold-formed steel (CFS) design and construction practice? This seminar will introduce and share recent updates to the AISI Code of Standard Practice (COSP), discuss the contents of the COSP as it applies to a typical CFS project, and answer participant questions by way of an expert in both CFS design and CFS project management.

Jeff Klaiman, PE-  Jeff has over 30 years of experience in the construction industry. He is principal in charge of structural engineering at ADTEK Engineers, Inc., where he oversees the design and coordination of all cold-formed steel design documents. He manages in-house staff in five offices for general structural and cold-formed steel framing design, develops project schedules, and coordinates quality control reviews with project managers on his team.

His previous experience includes building maintenance and engineering, on-site engineering for a concrete contractor, and manager of technical services and Versa-Truss product manager for Dale/Incor (national manufacturer of cold-formed steel framing products and systems). He participates on the American Iron and Steel Institute’s Committee on Specifications for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members and the Committee on Framing Standards. Jeff is chairman of the Standard Practices Subcommittee of the AISI Committee on Framing Standards, chairman of the SFIA Technical Committee, and president of MASFA. He has been a member of CFSEI for more than 15 years and served as a past president, and is also a member of ASTM International and the Steel Framing Alliance. 

Structural Concrete Repair and Strengthening with FRP Composite Systems

This presentation will review proper steps for performing structural repair and retrofit of existing concrete structures including surface preparation, epoxy crack injection, and structural spall repair. The main focus will be strengthening existing structures using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) systems for gravity and seismic loads. FRP composite systems such as fiber wraps and fiber anchors provide additional load carrying capacity and confinement for structures such as columns, slabs, beams and walls. With proper design and detailing, FRP composites can be used as a viable engineered and economical solution for strengthening existing structures. Various projects will be showcased in this presentation ranging from residential and commercial structures to DOT bridges and water containment facilities. ACI codes and guides will be reviewed for the use of FRP composite systems. 

 Amir Bonakdar, Ph.d, PE- Amir Bonakdar, PhD, PE is a business development manager for Fyfe FRP. He has a Master’s degree in structural engineering from the University of Tehran (2006) and a PhD from Arizona State University (2010). After graduation, Amir served as an instructor and researcher at the university, related to concrete and composite material characterization and modeling. Prior to Fyfe FRP, Amir served as the BD manager for Euclid Chemical and was involved in specifying concrete technology and concrete repair for hundreds of projects in the US and internationally. He is the current chair of ACI 544 (fiber reinforced concrete) and an associate member of ACI 440 (fiber reinforced polymer). Amir is a registered professional engineer and an active member of ACI and SEA, Southern California and Arizona chapters.

Navigating AISC 360-16: HSS Connection Design Examples and HSS Moment Connections

Chapter K underwent a significant change in the 2016 Specification. This presentation will provide the background for the changes and an overview of the updates. Several design examples will be presented, illustrating differences between AISC 360-10 and AISC 360-16 in HSS connection design. We will also explore moment connections and focus on the joint between a wide flange beam and an HSS column.

Cathleen Jacinto, PE, SE - Cathleen has over 20 years of experience in the design industry as a structural engineer.   She collaborated on a variety of building design projects while at Thornton Tomasetti and T.Y. Lin  International in Chicago, Illinois, from small to large-scale project types in healthcare, aviation, commercial, infrastructure, cultural, and steel connection design.  At FORSE Consulting, Cathleen assists other structural engineers with designs on a variety of projects, and contributes to FORSE’s seminars and publications.  One topic Cathleen highlights is structural steel HSS design, as a technical consultant to the Steel Tube Institute.  She currently contributes as a Board Member to the Structural Engineers Association of Illinois and serves on committees with AISC, ASTM, and AWS.  She has a Professional Masters in Structural Engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology and a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.  Cathleen is a licensed Structural Engineer (SE) and Professional Engineer (PE) in the State of Illinois.

An Overview of Changes in the 2021 IBC

The 2021 IBC was published in October 2020. The 2022 California Building Code, based on the 2021 IBC, went into effect in California on January 1, 2023. This presentation provides an overview of the structural changes from the 2018 to the 2021 IBC. ASCE 7-16 remains the reference standard for design loads; however, Supplement No. 1 to ASCE 7-16 is adopted. This supplement is explained at the seminar. Some ASCE 7-16 changes not adopted by the 2018 IBC are now adopted by the 2021 IBC. The design load combinations are no longer in the IBC, except for the alternative basic ASD load combinations. For everything else, a reference is made to ASCE 7-16. Significant changes in Chapter 17, Special Inspections and Tests, and Chapter 18, Soils and Foundations, are discussed. The reference standard for concrete design and construction is updated to ACI 318-19. The very significant and substantive changes in this standard are outlined. In view of the importance of these changes, a significant portion of this seminar is devoted to these changes.

Dr. SK Ghosh, PE, SE - Dr. S. K. Ghosh heads the consulting practice, S. K. Ghosh Associates LLC, Palatine, Illinois, now a subsidiary of the International Code Council. Dr. Ghosh has influenced seismic design provisions in the United States for many years. He is a member of ACI Committee 318, Standard Building Code, the ASCE 7 Standard Committee (Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures), and fib Commission 6, Prefabrication. He is a former member of the Boards of Direction of ACI, the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the Building Seismic Safety Council. He recently completed a term as a member of the Board of Governors of ASCE’s Structural Engineering Institute.

Seismic Events in Turkey

Dr. Kit Miyamoto, a world-renowned expert in disaster resiliency, response, and reconstruction, will share his experience and insights gained from his work in the aftermath of the devastating earthquake that hit Turkey in February 2023. Dr. Miyamoto and his team were dispatched to assess the damage and assist with the recovery efforts, and they discovered many failures in the design, construction, and maintenance of buildings and infrastructure that contributed to the high death toll and economic losses.

In this presentation, Dr. Miyamoto will discuss the Turkey earthquake disaster, highlighting the root causes, consequences, and lessons learned from this tragic event. He will examine the cultural, social, and technical factors that influenced the performance of buildings and lifelines during the earthquake and suggest strategies for improving their resilience and sustainability in the future. He will also share his vision for a more resilient and sustainable world, where disasters can be prevented or minimized through proactive measures and effective collaboration among all stakeholders. Attendees will gain a deeper understanding of the challenges and opportunities in disaster risk reduction and resilience and be inspired to take action to make their communities safer and better prepared for future disasters.

Dr. Kit Miyamoto, PE, SE - Dr. Kit Miyamoto, Global CEO of Miyamoto International, built a structural engineering and disaster risk reduction firm from a five-man Sacramento company into 25 locations on five continents with one purpose: make the world a better, safer place.  Its purpose-driven mission drives the growth of the company and attracts equally purpose-driven individuals. Dr. Miyamoto is a world-leading expert in disaster resiliency engineering, disaster response and reconstruction. He provides expert engineering and policy consultation in Mexico, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Haiti for both policy and engineering expert consultation. He is a California Seismic Safety Commissioner.

Dr. Miyamoto holds graduate degrees from the Tokyo Institute of Technology and California State University, where he has been recognized as a Distinguished Alumni. He has won the Engineering News Record’s “Global Best Project” award an unprecedented three consecutive times. Major media such as ABC, CNN, LA Times, NY Times and Rolling Stone have profiled him. He is featured in the “Designing for Disaster” exhibit at the National Building Museum.

An Overview of Changes in the ASCE 7-22 - Dr. SK Ghosh, PE, SE

ASCE 7-22 was published in the summer of 2022. It will be adopted by the 2024 IBC. The 2025 California Building Code, based on the 2024 IBC, will go into effect in California in January 2026. Thus, ASCE 7-22 will not be required to be used in design in most of the country for the next two to three years. However, the changes from ASCE 7-16 to ASCE 7-22 are so numerous and so substantive that learning about them needs to start now. The chapter on rain loads is the only chapter that has escaped any change. There are huge changes in snow load, ice load, and tsunami load provisions. Fortunately, those are of little or no interest in Arizona. There is a whole new chapter (32) on tornado loads.  Risk Category III or IV structures located in the tornado-prone region shown in a figure are required to be designed and constructed to resist the greater of the tornado loads determined in accordance with Chapter 32 or the wind loads determined in accordance with Chapters 26 through 31. Fortunately, again, Arizona is outside of the tornado prone region. Attention in this seminar will be focused on changes in Chapters 11-23 on earthquake loads and Chapters 26-31 on wind loads. The changes in these chapters are many and many of the seismic changes mark significant departures from past practice. All the significant changes will be discussed. Also discussed will be ASCE 7-22 load combinations and importance factors, which are quite different because of changes in the loads chapters.

UC Berkeley New BioSciences Hub 

The building formerly known as the Berkeley Art Museum (BAM), designed by Mario Ciampi and opened in 1971, is an architecturally significant Brutalist reinforced concrete building listed on the National Register of Historic Places and designated as a Historic Landmark by the City of Berkeley. 

As a successful adaptive reuse, the transformation of this landmark museum building into biosciences incubator and research labs is desirable from both a historical and sustainability perspective. The challenges of the project include incorporating an effective seismic retrofit into a very complicated non-orthogonal three-dimensional space, preserving the historic exposed concrete structure as much as possible, replacement of almost all M/E/P and Fire Safety systems, roofing and skylights, and upgrades to accessibility. 

ASCE 41 Standard Nonlinear Dynamic Procedure was used for the seismic evaluation of the existing structure and the retrofit design including the effects of the deep foundations utilizing the Performance-Based Design approach.

Masume Dana, SE -  Masume Dana is a licensed structural engineer and a Senior Associate with Forell/Elsesser Engineers. Masume has over 17 years of experience and brings experience with all major construction materials for museums, educational, office and commercial, laboratory, and industrial structures. Her broad skill base in the area of seismic analysis of structures includes nonlinear dynamic analysis techniques applied to many complex projects from new construction with viscous dampers to existing buildings seismic retrofit such as UC Berkeley Bakar BioEnginuity Hub at Old Berkeley Art Museum.

CLT Shear Wall and Diaphragm Design

The use of cross-laminated timber (CLT) as a gravity load bearing floor and roof assembly has seen incredible growth in the U.S. over the past decade.  However, its use as part of a wind or seismic force-resisting system – either as a shear wall or diaphragm – has only recently been codified.  Until recently, this has resulted in designing CLT lateral force-resisting systems through alternate means.  This presentation will introduce the new provisions for CLT shear wall and diaphragm design contained in the American Wood Council’s 2021 Special Design Provisions for Wind & Seismic (SDPWS).  Items covered will include the detailing and design requirements for the newly recognized CLT shear walls and diaphragms found in the 2021 SDPWS and the range of seismic design parameters (i.e., “R” values) found for CLT shear walls in the American Society of Civil Engineers’ recently published Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures (ASCE 7-22).

 Mike Romanowski, SE - Mike received his B.S. degree in Architectural Engineering from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo in 1979 and was involved in the practice of structural engineering for a number of San Diego based firms over a span of 37 years.  His experience includes design, construction administration, contract plan checking, peer review and forensic investigations for various types of projects utilizing all types of building materials.  Mike has had articles published in Structural Engineer and San Diego Constructor magazines, has served as an SEAOSD Director, was a member of the SEAOC Code Streamlining Committee and is now Co-Chair of the SEAOSD Sustainable Design Committee.  Mike is a licensed Structural Engineer in the State of California and is currently the Regional Director covering Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico for WoodWorks.

Penn Station’s East End Gateway: Innovations in design and delivery

The east end gateway provides a new direct entrance from the street into the underground concourses of new York's Penn Station. The Gateway canopy is composed of a two-way anticlastic steel cable net supporting a high-performance curved glass enclosure - all anchored by a doubly curved AESS steel frame. this session will dive into the innovations in design and construction that brought this monumental structure to life. Collaborative parametric models integrated structural form finding and analysis and aided in coordination of architectural, structural, and facade elements. challenges of the complex site drove the design, detailing, and construction procedures, making it possible to assemble the structure above the busy concourses.

Alexander Jordan, PE, AIA  - Alex Jordan is an Associate at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM). He has been involved in the structural design of award-winning projects both in New York City and across the world. His portfolio includes high-rise buildings, adaptive reuse projects, long-span airport structures, and designs with complex geometries. In his recent work for Penn Station's East End Gateway, Alex led the parametric form-finding and analysis process for the two-way curved glass canopy supported by an anticlastic cable net. Two blocks to the west, he contributed to the structural engineering of four buildings at Manhattan West, a seven million-square-foot development built above active railroad tracks leading to the station.

Alex completed a dual Bachelors degree in Civil Engineering and Architecture from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Masters of Science in Engineering from Princeton University. He is a member of several American Society of Civil Engineers Structural Engineering Institute (ASCE-SEI) committees, including the Tall Buildings Committee and the Aesthetics & Design Committee, and has contributed to the “ASCE Manual of Practice — Design and Performance of Tall Buildings for Wind”. 

FRP Collector Strengthening in a California Hospital

Seton Medical Center was built in 1965 for the Daughters of Charity to support an underserved community a few miles south of San Francisco in northern San Mateo County. The hospital remains dedicated to serving this community today but had fallen behind in meeting the California state-mandated seismic life safety performance requirements. A seismic evaluation from 2015 identified various seismic deficiencies that included non-ductile concrete columns, and inadequate collectors. But after a few years of financial setbacks and a change in ownership the facility still had not started in on the necessary seismic corrections, and was running short on time.

In the spring of 2020, with the facility under new ownership, the project began again under a tight deadline. The design team identified re-designing the collectors with externally bonded fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) as a way to reduce construction schedule and risk.  Although FRP had been used in this application before, it had not been officially adopted into the California Building Code, nor had it been used on an acute care hospital building in California. With the help of Simpson Strong-Tie, scaled testing was completed to determine project specific design and detailing of the FRP collectors. After a rigorous review with the California Department of Health Care Access (HCAI, formerly OSHPD) the FRP collector design was approved. Simpson Strong-Tie continued to provide support for the project through construction. The switch to FRP proved its value with the flexibility of the material to work around existing conditions, and by keeping construction to the top side of the floor and out of congested ceiling spaces.

Erik Moore, SE - Erik is an Associate at Degenkolb Engineers in Oakland California. He is a licensed civil and structural engineer in California and Oregon, and he holds a Bachelor's degree in civil engineering from Cal Poly State University San Luis Obispo, and Master’s degree in structural engineering from UC Berkeley. Erik joined Degenkolb in 2015 where he has focused on the evaluation and retrofit of existing buildings for both Higher Education and Health Care clients.

Saturday Ethics Seminar - Finding an Ethical Path: What Would You Do?

Engineering concepts are often quantifiable and discreet.  Engineers find themselves comfortable in this context.  So, wrapping our heads around the ethical problems we face in our profession can be daunting to many of us.  This session is focused on helping you find the ethical path.  The presentation will provide an overview of Engineering Ethics and Codes of Ethics.  Learn techniques on how to solve an ethical problem and apply these tools to case studies.  Bring your popcorn to watch and discuss the video Henry’s Daughters, a production by the National Institute for Engineering Ethics.  This interactive activity will strengthen your understanding of engineering ethics in an informative and entertaining setting. The session will wrap up with a game to test all that you have learned. See how many questions you get right!

Robin A. Kemper, PE, LEED AP, ENV SP, F.SEI, Pres.19.ASCE - Robin A. Kemper has over forty years of diverse and extensive structural engineering experience in design, analysis, and forensics, focused mainly on buildings. Robin currently is a Sr. Risk Engineer with Zurich Resilience Solutions. She works for both the Professional Liability and Construction Properties Risk Engineering Groups providing technical support to construction project policies, developing best practices, and investigating losses on construction projects. Robin represents Risk Engineering on Zurich North America’s sustainability team to help drive sustainability and resiliency. She has a passion for Engineering Ethics and since 2011, in her spare time Robin has given over 40 presentations to various engineering groups and classes.

Robin is a licensed Professional Engineer in six jurisdictions, and is a Fellow of the ASCE Structural Engineering Institute.  She has been active in ASCE since college, was President of both the Central Jersey Branch and the New Jersey Section of ASCE, was District 1/Region 1 Director on the Society Board of Directors, and the Society President in 2019.  Robin also served on the Board of Direction of Engineers Without Borders, the Civil Engineering Industrial Advisory Board of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, her alma mater, and the Engineering Industrial Advisory Board of Rutgers University.  She is currently a member of the Civil Engineering Industrial Advisory Board for the College of New Jersey. Robin has been recognized for her service to ASCE throughout her career.  Some recognitions include the 2013 William H. Wisely American Civil Engineer Award (a National award), and the 2015 ASCE New Jersey Section Civil Engineer of the Year. Robin loves to travel, seaside vacations, and her family.  She and Chris have been married over 42 years; they have two wonderful daughters and two great sons-in-law, and Robin loves playing with the newest members of the family, grandsons Jonah and Ari, and granddaughters Riley and Evie.

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